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Mining Operations

Tata Steel is committed to ensuring sustainable mining through its operations spread over the world. Certified as per the highest international standards, the Company ensures raw material efficiency and conservation through advanced technologies.

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The economic advantage offered by the proximity of India’s most important storehouse of prime coking coal to its richest iron ore deposits gave birth to the iron and steel industry in India. Tata Steel has captive coal mines at Jharia & West Bokaro, in the state of Jharkhand, located within 200km from Jamshedpur. The Company’s collieries constantly aim to improve mine productivity, reduce ash content, improve washery yield and make the operation safe and environment friendly.


Jharia Division


The Jharia coalfields, with estimated reserves of 287 million tonnes are situated along the Damodar River valley. Ever since 1910, the Jharia coalfields have been fulfilling coal needs of Tata Steel. Spread across 5500 acres of leasehold area in Dhanbad District, the five collieries of the Jharia Division are grouped in two locations – Sijua and Jamadoba. There are two beneficiation plants at Jharia. The Division is capable of producing over 1.6 million tonnes of raw coal from its underground mines, which are more than 600 meters deep and have a gradient of 1:4 at some places.


The Jharia Division of Tata Steel comprises the first underground mines in the country to get International Standard Organization (ISO) 14001 certification for attaining the desired standards in mining operations, quality production, coal beneficiation, captive power generation and environment management.


The West Bokaro Division


The West Bokaro Division covers a lease hold area of 4300 acres and operates three fully-mechanised opencast coal mines to produce raw coal to the level of 6 MTPA. The raw coal is beneficiated at two coal beneficiation plants, which produce clean coal of steel grade along with other by products. West Bokaro fulfills approximately 40% of Coking Coal requirement of Tata Steel Works. Strategically located 200 km NW from Jamshedpur, the West Bokaro coalfields have played an important role in the development of clean coal technology in India.




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Iron Ore


Ever since the discovery of the mineral in 1903, iron ore mining has become an integral part of steel making at Tata Steel. The iron ore units are located in Noamundi, Joda and Katamati in the states of Jharkhand and Odisha. The Steel Company's iron ore units produce various grades of high quality iron ore including rich blue dust ore. Operations at the mines, including services are managed by Integrated Management Systems.




The Noamundi mines are located in Jharkhand, around 126 Km from Jamshedpur. It is one of the best open cast iron ore mines in the world with state-of-the-art and sophisticated mining operations. Continuous improvement and upgradation of processes ensures sustainable mining and responsible utilisation of natural resources.







Mining operations at the Joda East Iron Mine started in 1956 and it has one of the richest deposits of iron ore. The iron ore here is of hard and massive type and runs on top of the hill practically from end to end. At Joda, (Keonjhar district of Odisha) mining is done by the conventional Open Pit Benching System but operations are constantly evolving through innovations and knowledge management practices.






The Khondbond mine, located in the Keonjhar district of Odisha, around 18 km from Joda East Iron Mine, has deposits of sponge grade iron ore and also occurrences of manganese ore. The iron ore deposit in this mine is worked by mechanised open cast mining process.








The Katamati lease in the Keonjhar district of Odisha is the southern extension of Noamundi Iron Mine. The mine was earlier operated by manual opencast method. Subsequently, in 2003, the mining operations were mechanised by a series of 6m high benches. The run-of-mine ore is transported to the Noamundi Iron Mine, and processed at the LRP Plant for Wet Processing.

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Ferro Alloys and Minerals


The Ferro Alloys and Minerals Division, commonly known as FAMD, is the largest non-steel business unit of Tata Steel. With chrome and manganese ore reserves in the mineral rich state of Odisha, FAMD has set up an integrated value chain, commencing with mining, beneficiation, production and sales of Ferro alloys and minerals across the globe. It works in close co-ordination with TSKZN, South Africa and Tata Steel Asia Hong Kong to deliver value to its customers in India and abroad.


Today, FAMD is the sixth-largest high carbon Ferro Chrome producer in the world, with a domestic market share of 25% and global market share of 5%. This business unit sells both Ferro Chrome and Charge Chrome. The Company caters to the complete requirement of high carbon manganese alloys at Tata Steel India and in South East Asia. In addition, it sells manganese alloys globally. Going forward, there are plans to augment the production of Ferro Alloys.


Visit FAMD website for more information.

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Raw Materials Projects




Northern Quebec, Labrador and Newfoundland provinces


Direct Shipping Ore Project - Tata Steel Minerals Canada Limited (TSMC) is a joint venture between Tata Steel Ltd. (80%) and New Millennium Iron Corp. (20%). This investment is highly strategic as it is an important source of sinter fines for Tata Steel Europe operations. The project has a volume plan of 6 million tonnes per annum and reserves of ~ 93 million tonnes. The project has achieved production of 1 million tonnes until Q4 2013. The year 2015 is likely to see start-up and commissioning, and a 40% ramp up of the project.


Taconite Project - TSMC is also involved with New Millennium Iron Corp.(TSX: NML) in undertaking a Feasibility Study of the LabMag and KeMag iron ore deposits which form a part of the 150-km long Millennium Iron Range in northern Canada.


Howse Iron Ore Project: TSMC entered into an un-incorporated joint venture with Labrador Iron Ore Mines (LIM) to acquire a 51% stake in the Howse deposit based on the outcome of the feasibility study. This is expected to add an additional 24 million tonnes of reserves to the resources of the Company.


For more information please visit


Ivory Coast


Nimba Iron ore Project - Tata Steel Limited and SODEMI (State Owned Company for Mineral Development), on December 11, 2007 entered into Joint Venture agreement for the development of Mount Nimba Iron ore deposits in Ivory Coast (West Africa). The Mt. Nimba deposit spread over 3 countries – Liberia, Guinea and Ivory Coast is one of the biggest iron ore deposits in West Africa. Tata is currently finalising exploration and feasibility studies for its Mt. Nimba and Mt. Gao concessions.




Benga Coal Project - Key coal exploration tenements (the Benga and Tete licences) - In November 2007, Tata Steel entered into Definitive Agreement with Riversdale Mining Company, an Australian listed company for purchasing 35% stake in its Mozambique Coal Project. In April 2011, British Australian Mining Company, Rio Tinto took over Riversdale Mining Company.


The Company holds 35% in RioTinto Benga (Mauritius) Ltd. (RTBML) with the balance 65% held by Rio Tinto. In Financial Year 2012-13 RTBML produced 1.41 Million tonnes of Coal (0.67 million tonne of coking coal and 0.74 million tonne of thermal coal).


South Africa


Sedibeng Iron Ore project - Sedibeng Iron Ore is 64% owned by Tata Steel (the Industrial Development Corp and black empowerment company Cape Gannet holding the remainder). In future years the mine should be able to export 2Mt/year to companies in the Tata Group in Europe. This is not the mine’s maximum possible production, but the limit of current rail capacity.


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